Dice, Histograms & Probability

Students roll provided dice (> 1 die per roll) and record the resulting individual values as well as the sum of the values. They create histograms of the data.

Students develop insight into the concept of “degrees of freedom” by rolling differing numbers of dice and noting how the histograms change.

Students can extend the activity by using a spreadsheet to simulate pseudo-random numbers, comparable to the random numbers they would obtain with dice rolls.

Teachers can further extend the activity by providing loaded dice; sufficiently large numbers of rolls with these can create a “bump” in the histogram.

Materials

Contact quarknet-dataportfolio@fnal.gov for a different file format.

Data Strand:

Cosmic Ray
LHC
LIGO

Level:

Level 1

NGSS Practices:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Topic:

Data Analysis
Measurement

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